Aquifer Replacement Costs


west volusia beacon logo 1 In: Aquifer Replacement Costs | Our Santa Fe River, Inc. (OSFR) | Protecting the Santa Fe River

We disagree with Soskin that most environmentalists do not clearly see the solutions to water problems.  Jacksonville businessman Preston Haskell has been calling for water pricing for years, as well as many others, including this writer.  Neither is tiered priceing a new idea.

We do like the idea of basing charges on aquifer replacement costs, since as Soskin points out, if we have foolishly depleted the aquifer below us, replacement is much more expensive than simply using less.

Read the complete article at this link to the West Volusia Beacon.

Comments by OSFR historian Jim Tatum.
-A river is like a life: once taken, it cannot be brought back-


Mark Soskin: Water economics encourage waste

I was the St. Johns River Water Management District’s outside economic consultant on CUPs (Consumptive Use Permits) during the past decade. My efforts made it their only successful period of reducing water use.

Here are the economics: Drawing water from the aquifer is virtually free, so water rates are kept much too low for households to have any disincentive to waste water.

Second, Volusia County cities use water as a “cash cow” to subsidize the rest of their budget, so they benefit from increased water use.

Third, special events (such as Race Weeks and Bike Week), other forms of tourism, and snowbird season occur during the dry late-winter and early-spring season, so a million nonresidents stress the aquifer, exacerbating seawater intrusion of coastal wells and making them useless.

Fourth, Volusia County agriculture consumption constitutes more than 40 percent of all water used, and agriculture is exempt from any water controls; Big Ag pays its mostly migrant workforce by far the lowest wages, even in low-wage Volusia.

Fifth, grandfathered household wells are also exempt from control.

Sixth, once Rick Scott became governor in 2011, the GOP ended all state oversight of development, and Scott packed the Public Service Commission and regional water districts with development- and business-friendly stooges who gutted my successes at requiring municipal water pricing to encourage conservation, and forcing use of reclaimed and surface water rather than the aquifer.

Economic serious fixes are clear to environmental-resource economists like myself, but sadly still not to most environmentalists. Here are some fixes:

First, install higher water pricing during the February-to-April low-rain, high-visitor season.

Second, change from pricing water based on costs (which are low) to basing them on aquifer “replacement costs”; i.e., if the aquifer runs out (as it has in the huge Tampa Bay area and around Titusville), supply must shift to brackish river water, which requires billion-dollar reverse osmosis plants. That translates to a sixfold increase in water prices, driving away businesses and jobs and escalating our cost of living!

Third, a small minority of water users consume an inordinate share, often due to water leaks and mindless landscape irrigation. The solution is water rates steeply inclined that penalize high water usage. Unfortunately, much of our water bills are fixed-base rates (falsely “justified” as guarantees for water-bond financing, as if a guaranteed customer base assures zero default risk for bond markets).

We must slash base rates so water bills vary mostly by use; otherwise, users see little savings from conservation.

Fourth, end the agricultural exemption so that turf, fern and other farming faces real-market production costs. We could always subsidize native-plant nurseries and farm-to-market enterprises separately.

Fifth, sunset private wells, and require golf courses and cities to rely on surface water and reclaimed water (whose supply needs to be prioritized for investment) for irrigation. End HOA lawn requirements, and educate landscaping firms about drought-resistant and native plants while subsidizing nurseries willing to supply them….


— Soskin lives in Oviedo. In addition to his work for the St. Johns River Water Management District, he was the Daytona and University of Central Florida faculty coordinator for the Boardman Foundation, which promoted sustainable Volusia County environmental-resource management by awarding mini-research seed grants and organizing workshops with experts and stakeholder panels. The foundation also worked with environmental groups like The Nature Conservancy and the Audubon Society to effect responsible and practical environmental policy locally.


  1. I’m sure the wealthy are already investing in reverse-osmosis systems which will be a gold mine once our fresh water supply runs out. The people that need to sacrifice to save the system are the same people that don’t care – and the same people that run the government. It’s going to take an educated electorate and untinkered balloting to fix this – lofty but workable.

  2. Too many people, too little water…no big deal to the wealthy, but damn pricey to others! Unbridled population and development is the problem, not agriculture and private wells.

    1. Legislation often has unforeseen consequences–perhaps our state will eventually have its unique version of the 1930’s Dust Bowl with its own “Okie” migration. Florida and its “cotton-country” neighbors also experienced that decades-long drought and bitter cold that came on the devastating heels of the boll-weevil and the Texas-tick invasion, bankrupting farmers and cattlemen alike. Gator hunting, frog-gigging and commercial fishing was the “cash-cow” for a few people, but Prohibition was a god-send to idled “Cracker” cowmen and farmhands. As it turned out, moon-shining and rum-running was ten years of economic salvation for those with the temperament or desperation to defy such “inclusive” legislation! Times change, but people don’t!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Back to top
Skip to content